Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701
Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences (CSES)
Robert K. Bacon
Head of the Department
115 Plant Science Building
- Distinguished Professor Oosterhuis
- University Professor Wolf
- Professors Bacon, Bourland, Brye, Burgos, Chen, Counce, Daniels, Deren, Gbur, Longer, Miller, Mauromoustakos, Moldenhauer, Norman, Norsworthy, Pereira, Purcell, Savin, Scott (R.), Sharpley, Slaton, Smith, Srivastava, Watson, West, Wilson
- Associate Professors Espinoza, Kelley, Ross
- Research Associate Professor Mattice
- Assistant Professors Anders, Barber, Mason, Mozaffari, Scott (T.)
Courses in the Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences provide fundamental and applied studies in two majors:
Areas studied within the Crop Management major include crop science, production agriculture, plant breeding and genetics, crop and forage production, pest management (weeds, insects, and plant diseases), and soil fertility. The Environmental, Soil, and Water Science major includes courses in areas such as environmental science, water quality, soil science, soil and water conservation, and the sustainable productivity of natural resources.
Many graduates from both majors also choose to continue their education in graduate programs in a wide variety of disciplines both related and complementary to the B.S.A. degrees.
ENSC1001L Environmental Science Laboratory (Fa) Laboratory, field trip, and discussion sessions covering the concepts and information allowing students to critically evaluate environmental issues. Topics will include: laboratory safety, recycling, composting, geographic information systems, soil testing, water quality, hazardous wastes, waste disposal, wetlands, wastewater treatment, and sustainable food systems. Laboratory 2 hours/week. Prerequisite or Corequisite: ENSC 1003.
ENSC1003 Environmental Science (Fa) Series of lectures and discussions introducing the topic of environmental science including factors related to water, soil, and air quality. May not be taken for natural science credit by students in Fulbright College.
ENSC3003 Introduction to Water Science (Sp) Properties, occurrence, and description of the types, functions, quality and quantity, potential contaminants, uses, and guiding policies and regulations of the various water resources in the environment. Prerequisite: ENGL 1023 and ENSC 1003 or CHEM 1053 or higher or GEOL 1113 or higher or BIOL 1543.
ENSC3103 Plants and Environmental Restoration (Odd years, Fa) Selection, establishment, and use of plants to promote soil stabilization, water quality, and wildlife habitat. Principles and practices of managing plants for soil remediation, nutrient and sediment trapping, and restoration of plant communities. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or HORT 2003 or BIOL 1613.
ENSC3221L Ecosystems Assessment Laboratory (Even years, Fa) The purpose of this laboratory is to complement concepts learned in lecture by carrying out experiments that familiarize students with methods used in soil and aquatic ecology. Students will collect samples, analyze and interpret data obtained from soil and water samples. Lab will meet once per week for 3 hours. Corequisite: ENSC 3223.
ENSC3223 Ecosystems Assessment (Even years, Fa) Application of ecological principles for ESWS majors and college students interested in environmental science. Applications of the basic ecological principles of organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems to gain an appreciation for how large scale patterns in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems are influenced by small scale interactions among individuals (microorganisms to invertebrate macrofauna) and between individuals and their local environment. Lecture 3 hours per week. Corequisite: ENSC 3221L. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543, CSES 2203, and ENSC 3003.
ENSC3263 Environmental Soil and Water Conservation (Even years, Fa) Effect of land use on water quality. Major sources of agricultural nonpoint pollutants. Best management practices used to minimize water quality impacts. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2203.
ENSC3413 Principles of Environmental Economics (Sp) An introductory, issues-oriented course in the economics of the environment. What is involved in society making decisions about environmental quality will be studied. Environmental issues important to the State of Arkansas and the United States will be emphasized. Prerequisite: AGEC 1103 or ECON 2023. (Same as AGEC 3413)
ENSC3603 GIS for Environmental Science (Odd Years, Sp) Provide instruction on the uses of GIS techniques in solving practical environmental and agricultural land use problems. Areas include: 1) an introduction to spatial variability in soils with an emphasis on the application of GIS techniques to map and understand spatial parameters important to different land uses, and 2) development of individual experience in the use of GIS in solving environmental and agricultural problems using an oral and written term project. Prerequisite: CSES 2203.
ENSC3933 Environmental Ethics (Odd years, Sp) The course addresses ethical questions about nature and the natural environment. Topics of discussion include anthropocentric and biocentric ethics, population control, obligations to future generations, animal rights, moral considerability, Leopold's land ethic, deep ecology, and ecofeminism. Lecture/discussions 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ENSC 1003 or PHIL 2003 or PHIL 2103.
ENSC400V Special Problems (Irregular) (1-3) Work on special problems in environmental science or related fields. May be repeated for up to 8 hours of degree credit.
ENSC4021L Water Quality Laboratory (Fa) Field and laboratory experience in physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of natural waters (rain, river, lake, soil, ground, etc.). Laboratory experiments in water sampling, measurement of water quality parameters such as pH, alkalinity and acidity, redox, hardness, BOD, TSS, etc., and instrumentation. Prerequisite or Corequisite: ENSC 4023
ENSC4023 Water Quality (Fa) Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of natural waters (rain, river, lake, soil, ground, etc.). Discussion of water quality parameters such as pH, alkalinity and acidity, redox, hardness, BOD, TSS, etc. Aquatic processes of pollutants and principles of modeling. Prerequisite: CHEM 1123/CHEM 1121L and BIOL 1543/1541L.
ENSC4034 Analysis of Environmental Contaminants (Even years, Sp) Methods of analysis for inorganic and organic contaminants, radionuclides and microorganisms in soil and water. Quality assurance and quality control, sampling protocols, sample handling, instrumentation and data analysis. Lecture 2 hours and laboratory 4 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2203 and ENSC 3003.
ENSC404V Special Topics (Irregular) (1-3) Studies of selected topics in environmental sciences not available in other courses. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.
ENSC4263 Environmental Soil Science (Even years, Sp) Study of the behavior of pesticides, toxic organic compounds, metals, nutrients, and pathogenic microorganisms in the soil/plant/water continuum. Lecture 3 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: PHYS 2013/2011L. Prerequisite: CSES 3214.
ENSC4401 Professional Certification Preparation (Sp) This class is meant to reinforce concepts and skills already learned in other soil and environmental science and related courses and to provide the opportunity to prepare to take a national certification examination. If so chosen, students may pursue certification as soil or environmental science professionals. Prerequisite: Senior standing.
CSES1011 Introduction to Crop, Soil, and Environmental Science (Fa) An introduction to the CSES department and majors in Environmental Soil and Water Sciences and Crop Management. Emphasis will be placed on issues and opportunities within these disciplines and orienting students to the department and University of Arkansas. Required of all department majors with less than 24 semester credit hours. Recitation 1 hour 20 minutes per week for the first eight weeks of the semester. Prerequisite: Freshman and sophomore standing only.
CSES1203 Introduction to Plant Sciences (Sp, Fa) An introduction to basics of agricultural crop plant structure, growth, and production.
CSES2003 Introduction to Weed Science (Fa) Fundamental, practical concepts of weed control and weed biology; equipment and techniques used in modern weed control practices; and basic recommendations and systems for specific agronomic and horticultural crops. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103 or HORT 2003.
CSES2012 Introduction to Organic Crop Production (Odd years, Sp) An introduction to the principles of organic agriculture and ecology and the regulations defining organic production and certification. Additional topics include crop rotations for pest management and for increasing soil organic matter, feeding the soil and plant nutrition, soil health, and green manuring, corporate agriculture and genetically modified organisms.
CSES2013 Pest Management (Sp) Introduction to basic principles of pest management as they relate to vertebrate animals, insects, plant disease and weeds. Selected pests are studied with emphasis on current management approaches and alternative pest control.
CSES2101L Crop Science Laboratory (Sp) A series of laboratory experiments designed to reinforce principles of plant growth and development, reproduction, classification, and the utilization of plant products. Emphasis is placed on major crop plant species. Experiments are conducted by individuals or by teams. Laboratory consists of a single, 2-hour period each week. Required for Crop Management majors. Corequisite: CSES 2103.
CSES2103 Crop Science (Sp) Principles of crop growth, development, and utilization and how these principles relate to production. Emphasis on major agronomic crop species. Lecture 3 hours per week.
CSES2201L Soil Science Laboratory (Fa) Field and laboratory exercises related to the study of the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils. Laboratory mandatory for all crop management and environmental, soil, and water science majors and optional for others. Laboratory 2 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: CSES 2203.
CSES2203 Soil Science (Fa) Origin, classification, and physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils. Lecture 3 hours, discussion 1 hour per week. Corequisite: Drill component. Prerequisite: CHEM 1103 or CHEM 1073.
CSES3023 Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences Colloquium (Fa) A communication-intensive course covering topics in agronomy and environmental, soil, and water science with particular emphasis on spoken communication but also including written communication, group activities, professionalism, ethics, problem solving, and information retrieval. A student-oriented class with collaborative participation. Colloquium workshop: 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: COMM 1313 and Junior or Senior standing only.
CSES3113 Forage Management (Even years, Sp) Forage crops for pasture, hay, and silage with reference to growth and development, production, nutritional quality, and grazing systems. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103.
CSES3214 Soil Resources and Nutrient Cycles (Odd years, Sp) Integration of the fundamental concepts of the biological, chemical, and physical properties of soil systems and their roles in managing soil resources. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 2013/2011L. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2203.
CSES3312 Cotton Production (Even years, Fa) Principles and techniques associated with production of cotton. Recitation 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103 or HORT 1203.
CSES3322 Soybean Production (Odd years, Sp) An overview of the history and utilization of soybean as well as the physiological and environmental basis for the development of economical soybean production practices. Recitation 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103 or HORT 1203.
CSES3332 Rice Production (Odd years, Fa) A study of the principles and practices involved in rice culture worldwide with major emphasis on the United States. Recitation 2 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103 or HORT 1203.
CSES3342 Cereal Grain Production (Even years, Sp) An overview of the botany, production, cultural practices, soil & climatic adaptation and utilization of the major cereal grain crops. Prerequisite: CSES 1203 or CSES 2103 or HORT 1203.
CSES355V Soil Profile Description (Fa) (1-2) Training for soil profile description writing and membership of judging teams. May be repeated for up to 8 hours of degree credit.
CSES400V Special Problems (Sp, Su, Fa) (1-6) Work on special problems in crop, soil and environmental sciences or related field. May be repeated for up to 8 hours of degree credit.
CSES4013 Advanced Crop Science (Sp) Fundamental concepts of crop physiology, crop improvement, seed science, and crop production systems. Recitation 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: CSES 2103.
CSES402V Special Topics (Irregular) (1-3) Studies of selected topics in crop, soil and environmental sciences not available in other courses. May be repeated for up to 12 hours of degree credit.
CSES4103 Plant Breeding (Even years, Fa) Basic principles involved in plant breeding programs to improve crop plants and seed programs. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: ANSC 3123 or BIOL 2323.
CSES4133 Weed Identification, Morphology, and Ecology (Fa) Study of weeds as economic pests occurring in both agricultural and nonagricultural situations and including poisonous plants and other specific weed problems. Gross morphological plant family characteristics which aid identification, habitat of growth and distribution, ecology, competition, and allelopathy are discussed. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours a week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2103 (or HORT 2003).
CSES4143 Principles of Weed Control (Sp) Advanced concepts and technology used in modern weed control practices and study of the chemistry and specific activity of herbicides in current usage. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CHEM 2613 and CHEM 2611L and CSES 2003.
CSES4224 Soil Fertility (Fa) Study of the soil's chemical, biological and physical properties, and human modification of these properties, as they influence the uptake and utilization of the essential nutrients by plants. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Pre- or Corequisite: CHEM 1123/1121L. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2201L and CSES 2203.
CSES4234 Plant Anatomy (Irregular) Advanced training in plant anatomy. Studying the structure, terminology, techniques and function associated with vascular plant anatomy. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 1613/1611 or BIOL 1543/1541L.
CSES4253 Soil Classification and Genesis (Even years, Sp) Lecture and field evaluation of soil properties and their relation to soil genesis and soil classification with emphasis on soils of Arkansas. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2203.
CSES4303 Bioenergy Feedstock Production (Sp) Overview of production and characteristics of cultivated crops, perennial grasses, and woody species as feedstocks for bioenergy. Fundamentals of plant growth factors, culture, harvest and storage, quality and improvement, and introduction to environmental impact, modeling, and resource utilization. Prerequisite: MATH 1203 and BIOL 1543 or CSES 1203. Courses in introductory chemistry or soil science are preferred.
CSES462V Internship (Sp, Su, Fa) (1-6) Supervised practical work experience in agronomy and environmental science to develop and demonstrate professional competence. Faculty approval of project proposal prior to enrollment and written and oral reports after the project is complete are required. Prerequisite: junior standing. May be repeated for up to 6 hours of degree credit.
CSES5001 Weed Science Practicum (Su) Training for membership on weed team, through participation. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
CSES5013 Crop Physiology (Odd years, Fa) Understanding and quantitative measurement of physiological processes, plant responses, and environmental parameters in relation to the production of crops. Prerequisite: BIOL 4303.
CSES5023 Weed Physiology and Herbicide Resistance in Plants (Even years, Fa) The reproduction, growth, and development of weeds and the ecological factors affecting these processes; development and mechanisms of herbicide resistance, flow of herbicide-resistance genes; and development of herbicide-resistant crops. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 4143 and (BIOL 4303 or CHEM 5813).
CSES502V Special Problems Research (Sp, Su, Fa) (1-6) Original investigations on assigned problems in agronomy. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
CSES5033 Advanced Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition (Even years, Fa) Study of water uptake, ion absorption, translocation and metabolism in higher plants. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 4303 and CHEM 2613 and CHEM 2611L.
CSES504V Special Topics (Irregular) (1-4) Topics not covered in other courses or a more intensive study of specific topics in agronomy. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated for credit.
CSES5053 Scientific Writing (Fa) Open to graduate students, especially those in agricultural and life sciences. The course will cover searching the scientific literature, writing theses, proposals, journal articles, and other scientific documents. Emphasis on style and techniques used in scientific publication. Lecture and workshop 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
CSES5103 Scientific Presentations (Fa) Experience in procedures required for professional presentations of scientific papers, seminars, posters; and research findings at meetings in conferences, and with discussion groups. Instruction in organization of materials, visual aids, and good speaking habits. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
CSES5124 Crop Molecular and Physiological Genetics (Even years, Sp) Study of genome organization and expression in agronomic and horticultural plants, with emphasis on genes regulating physiological processes. Lecture 3 hours, discussion 1 hour per week. CSES 5013 and CHEM 5813 and CHEM 5843 are recommended but not required. Corequisite: Drill component. Prerequisite: BIOL 4303 and BIOL 2323 and BIOL 2321L (or ANSC 3123).
CSES5214 Analytical Research Techniques in Agronomy (Even years, Fa) Preparation and analysis of plant and soil samples utilizing spectrophotometry, isotopes, and chromatographic separation methods. Additionally, measurements are made of photosyntheses, respiration, water relationships, light, and temperatures in whole plants. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: BIOL 4303 and CHEM 2613 and CHEM 2611L.
CSES5224 Soil Physics (Sp) Physical properties of soils and their relation to other soil properties, growth of plants and transport of water, oxygen, heat, and solutes such as pesticides and plant nutrients. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Prerequisite: CSES 2203 and MATH 1203.
CSES5233 Plant Genetic Engineering (Odd years, Sp) Topics will be covered in the field of in vitro plant biology, transgene genetics and crop genetic engineering. Concepts and applications of transgenic plant technology will be discussed, with the emphasis on the strategies for crop improvement and gene discovery. Lecture 3 hours.
CSES5264 Microbial Ecology (Odd years, Fa) A study of the microorganisms in soil and the biochemical processes for which they are responsible. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: Lab component. Additional suggested prerequisite(s): BIOL 2013, CSES 2203, and ENSC 3003. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 and BIOL 3863 or ENSC 3223.
CSES5313 Crop Simulation Models in Research, Management and Policy (Even years, Fa) The basics of theory and practice of crop simulation models and their applications in crop research and management, and cropping systems planning and policy. Prerequisite: MATH 1203 and BIOL 1543 or CSES 1203 or consent of instructor. Courses in introductory chemistry and plant physiology are preferred.
CSES5323 Soil/Water Quality in Bioenergy Feedstock Production Systems (Odd years, Fa) Examine concepts of soil and water quality in relation to bioenergy feedstock production, explore research related to biomass removal and by-product addition to soils, and examine the potential effects of proposed feedstock production systems on soil and water quality. Prerequisite: MATH 1203 and CSES 2203 or equivalent or consent of instructor. CSES 4303 (Bioenergy Feedstock Production) preferred.
CSES5453 Soil Chemistry (Even years, Sp) Application of the principles of chemistry to processes of agronomic and environmental importance in soils. Soil clay mineralogy, soil solution thermodynamics, structure and reactivity of humus, surface complexation and ion exchange, electro-chemical phenomena, and colloidal stability. Prerequisite: CSES 2203 and CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L.
CSES5543 Plant Genomics (Odd years, Fa) Plant genetics based on the study of whole genome sequence, transcriptome and proteome. Provides an overview of the principles and techniques of experimental and in silico genomics. Covers all areas of genome research including structural, comparative and functional genomics as well as proteomics. Prerequisite: CHEM 5843 or any graduate level genetics course.
CSES600V Master's Thesis (Sp, Su, Fa) (1-6) Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
CSES6253 Forage-Ruminant Relations (Odd years, Sp) Advanced chemical, physical, and botanical characteristics of forage plants, the dynamics of grazing, intake and digestion, and techniques of measuring forage utilization and systems analysis at the plant-animal interface. Lecture 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: ANSC 3143 and CSES 3113. (Same as ANSC 6253)
CSES700V Doctoral Dissertation (Sp, Su, Fa) (1-18) Prerequisite: Graduate standing.