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J.D. Courses

First Year

The first year at the School of Law consists of a rigorous course of study that you and all your classmates will follow. Starting at new student orientation and continuing throughout your first year, you will begin to learn, write, and think about the law.

The first-year courses are as follows:

Required First-Year Courses

Civil Procedure I - LAWW 4103 (Fa) and Civil Procedure II - LAWW 4203 (Sp, Su, Fa) - Study of the process of civil litigation from such preliminary matters as court selection and jurisdiction to appeal and collateral attack of final judgments. Some attempt is made to cover the antecedents of modern procedure; where appropriate, suggestions for reform are developed in class discussion. Emphasis is on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and procedure used in state court systems.

Contracts I - LAWW 4023 (Irregular) - Formation and enforcement by litigation and commercial arbitration of commercial and family agreements. Mutual assent or consideration; third-party beneficiaries; assignments; joint obligation; performance; anticipatory breach; discharge of contractual duties; and the Statute of Frauds.

Contracts II - LAWW 4033 (Irregular) - Contract interpretation and enforcement, remedies for breach, including anticipatory breach, justification for breach, third party beneficiaries, assignment and delegation. Prerequisite: LAWW 4023.

Criminal Law - LAWW 4073 (Fa) - Deals with the questions of what conduct society punishes through a criminal code and the appropriate punishment for the forbidden conduct. In this context, the course includes an analysis of the theories of punishment, the definitions of various crimes, the defenses available to one charged with criminal conduct, and the limitations placed by the Constitution on governmental power in the criminal law area. Throughout the course, special emphasis is placed on the appropriate role of the legislature and the courts and the problems faced by them in devising and administering a criminal code.

Legal Research & Writing I - LAWW 4013 (Irregular) - An introduction to the special problems posed by legal analysis and the expression of the results of that process. The primary emphasis will be on techniques of basic legal analysis, basic legal writing skills, and proper citation form. Students complete a series of writing assignments.

Legal Research & Writing II - LAWW 4012 (Irregular) - An introduction to persuasive writing for trial and appellate courts. Emphasis will be placed on intermediate library research techniques and basic legal research using computers. Students will also engage in brief-writing and appellate argumentation.

Property I - LAWW 4053 (Sp, Su, Fa) and Property II - LAWW 4153 (Sp) - Emphasis is on real property. Basic concepts are covered, including property rights in lost and found articles (general property concepts), types and historical origins of estates, and other interests in land. Property transfer techniques, such as gifts, leases (landlord and tenant), and the sale of land are also considered. Land transfer techniques, including the land sale contract, the deed, the recording system, and methods of real property title assurance are discussed. Certain aspects of land use controls are explored briefly.

Torts - LAWW 4144 (Sp) - Tort law governs the protection of persons and property against physical harm, whether intentional or negligent, under a variety of doctrines, including trespass, nuisance, negligence, deceit, and conversion. A number of fundamental Anglo-American legal principles, such as duty; proximate cause; foreseeability; privilege; damages; injunctions; and functions of the advocate, trial judge, and appellate court, are developed in the context of the liability of builders, contractors, workers, manufacturers, dealers, railroads, and operators of motor vehicles.

Required Upper-Level Courses

Constitutional Law (4 credits) – This course introduces the basic principles of constitutional law and current constitutional doctrines and problems. The focus is on the structure of the federal system and on the rights of individuals under the Due Process and Equal Protection clauses of the Fifth and 14th Amendments. Students also are advised to take the elective course, First Amendment, to complete their study of constitutional law. Constitutional law must be taken in either the second or third year.

Legal Research & Writing III (2 credits) – This course gives small section experiences in legal research and writing, advanced legal research techniques, and advanced writing assignments. This class must be taken before the end of the student’s second year of law school.

Professional Responsibility (3 credits) – This course explains the role of the lawyer as counselor, advocate, and public servant; the individual lawyer’s obligation to society and the profession as a whole; the ethical problems of the profession; representation of the unpopular cause and the undesirable client; the lawyer’s obligation to law reform; the lawyer and the press; the lawyer in public service; and aspects of law-office management. Professional responsibility must be taken in either the second or third year.

Electives

Most of the curriculum in the second and third year is composed of electives. This elective system allows students to choose courses that interest them and that will be useful in the types of careers they choose. Students are required to consult an adviser before registering for upper-level courses.

Brief descriptions of the courses generally offered at the School of Law are set out below. Credit hours occasionally vary when a course is offered during the summer session.

The curriculum at any good law school is always in the process of being studied and revised. Experimentation in the educational program is necessary to meet the needs of the future. The following pages describe recently offered elective courses at the University of Arkansas School of Law.

Elective Courses

LAWW 400V - Entertainment Law (Irregular) – Examines the legal principles and relationships of the entertainment industry, with primary emphasis on the music industry; provides an introduction to the practice of entertainment law and negotiation of entertainment contracts; highlights a variety of legal and practical issues that arise when representing clients in the entertainment industry.

LAWW 4173 - Criminal Procedure (Sp, Su, Fa) – Concerned with the legal steps through which a criminal proceeding passes, commencing with the initial investigation of a crime and concluding with the release of the defendant. Does not deal exclusively with constitutional problems, although considerable time is spent on them. Recent Supreme Court decisions receive special emphasis. Criminal Procedure does not deal with criminal trial tactics or with many of the special problems relating to the introduction of evidence at the trial.

LAWW 4294 - Business Organizations (Irregular) – Course is constructed around different forms of business organizations, with emphasis on agency and partnership law, and corporation law.

LAWW 4442 - Law & Accounting (Irregular) – Study of basic accounting principles and their importance to attorneys engaged in business related activities. Topics covered include the fundamental accounting equation, the nature of accrual accounting, understanding financial statements, and accounting for assets and liabilities. Also a review of basic principles associated with financial statement analysis and valuation principles. Intended for students with little or no business training, and may not be taken for credit by students who have previously earned six or more hours of undergraduate or graduate credit in accounting courses.

LAWW 4993 - Pre-Trial Practice (Irregular) - Develops fundamental lawyer's skills using role-play in simulation exercises that are videotaped and critiqued. Focuses on development of case theory, fact gathering, use of discovery tools, and case planning. Prerequisite: Successful completion of LAWW 4103, 4203, and 4173: Civil Procedure I and II and Criminal Procedure.

LAWW 500V - Special Topics (Irregular) - Included under this heading will be a variety of variable credit law courses taught by law faculty on topics that are not included elsewhere in this curriculum.

LAWW 5013 - Professional Responsibility (Irregular) - Role of the lawyer as a counselor, advocate, and public servant; obligation to society of the individual lawyer and the profession as a whole; ethical problems of the profession; representation of the unpopular cause and the undesirable client; lawyers' obligation to law reform; lawyer and the press; the lawyer in public service; the aspects of law office management.

LAWW 5023 and 5024 - Remedies (Irregular) – Covers equity (jurisdiction and powers of courts of equity, injunctions, including adequacy of legal remedies, balancing of equities, interests protected, and defenses), damages (compensatory, exemplary, and nominal damages; direct and consequential damages; mitigation; and special application in contract and tort actions), and restitution (relief afforded by the judicial process to prevent unjust retention of benefits).

LAWW 5063 - Education Law (Irregular) - Study of law as it applies to public education in America, including the theory of compulsory education, constitutional rights of students and teachers, school financing, equal opportunity in education.

LAWW 5073 - Domestic Relations (Irregular) – Devoted primarily to the legal problems generated by family relationships. There is a large section on formation and dissolution of marriage. Substantial time is also used to discuss paternity and legitimacy, obligations toward and of children, custody, adoption, guardianship, general property law as it is affected by family relationships, and divorce and custody in the federal system (focused primarily on enforceability of decrees in one state by courts sitting in another state).

LAWW 5083 - First Amendment (Irregular) - An intensive examination of the legal issues arising under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, with an emphasis on basic free speech doctrines and the dilemmas posed by interplay between the free exercise and establishment clauses. Prerequisite: LAWW 5114 - Constitutional Law.

LAWW 5093 - Solo Practice Planning (Irregular) - Combines elements of professional responsibility and law practice management. This course will satisfy the skills requirement.

LAWW 510V - Law: Study Abroad (Su) - Open to law students studying abroad in officially sanctioned programs.

LAWW 5133 - Real Estate Transactions (Sp, Su, Fa) – Focuses on real estate transfer, real estate financing, and real estate development. Issues relating to the sale of land and conveyances of real property, mortgages and the planning, financing, building, and marketing of modern real estate developments are treated.

LAWW 5163 - Administrative Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Course is constructed around federal materials, but with some state references. Considers the origin and constitutional basis for the administrative process; executive and legislative controls with particular emphasis on the judicial “control” of the administrative process (delegations, procedural and substantive due process, judicial assistance, and enforcement and review of administrative decisions).

LAWW 5173 - Insurance (Sp, Su, Fa) – A study of casualty, fire, and life insurance. Major areas include the duty to defend; duty to settle within policy limits; the definition of what is covered under the policy; insurance marketing; insurable interests; the measure of recovery; disputes between insurers; defenses, such as fraud, concealment, and non-cooperation; and government regulation of insurance.

LAWW 5183 - Drafting Legal Documents (Irregular) – This course will study and practice the principles applicable to drafting of non-litigation documents, such as contracts, wills, and legislation. These include organization and categorization of information, definitions, testing of substantive provisions for completeness and consequences, and choices and precision of language.

LAWW 5203 - Discrimination in Employment (Irregular) - An examination of federal constitutional, statutory, and administrative restrictions that prohibit or limit employers, unions, and employment agencies from discriminating on the basis of race, sex, religion, age, national origin, and color. In addition to the substantive scope of federal law, emphasis given to enforcement procedures and remedies.

LAWW 5213 - Business Planning (Irregular) - Synthesis of legal principles dealing with taxation and form of business organizations to provide guidance in choosing form and operating business entities.

LAWW 5223 - Negotiations (Irregular) - This course provides students with instruction in, and methods for planning and evaluating their work in, negotiating on behalf of clients. In addition to teaching the theory attached to these skills, the course provides students with practice in these areas through the use of simulated negotiations exercises. While the focus is on negotiations, the aspects of the course relating to planning for negotiations will also help students develop client interviewing and counseling skills.

LAWW 5233 - Interviewing and Counseling (Irregular) - Course provides instruction in practical aspects of client representation such as drafting, interviewing, counseling, fact gathering, negotiation, and advocacy, and in analytical processes for applying those skills in ethical fashion. In addition to teaching theory attached to skills, the course provides students with practice in these areas through the use of simulated client problems. Course satisfies skills requirements.

LAWW 5243 - Business & Commercial Torts (Irregular) – Course will explore the relationship between competition and intangible property. Course will examine laws relating to such business and commercial torts as unfair competition, misappropriation of trade secrets, trademark infringement, false advertising, etc. Course is designed for students planning to practice in the areas of commercial, corporate, business, or intellectual property law.

LAWW 5303 - International and Domestic Sales and Leasing (Sp, Su, Fa) - Study of Articles 2 and 2A of the Uniform Commercial Code and the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods.

LAWW 5313 Negotiable Instruments – Study of Articles 3 and 4 of the Uniform Commercial Code dealing with negotiable instruments.

LAWW 5363 - Securities Regulation (Irregular) – Regulation of issuance of and trading in stocks, bonds and other securities by federal and state agencies, with particular reference to the SEC. Not offered every year.

LAWW 5504 - Wills, Trusts, and Estates (Irregular) – This is the study of the traditional areas of wills and trusts (intestate and testate succession). The trusts area includes both the private trust and the charitable trust. Taxation problems are not covered in depth but are instead reserved for the Federal Estate & Gift Taxation course.

LAWW 5513 - Labor Relations in the Private Sector (Irregular) – The right to organize; organization of labor unions; strikes; picketing; boycotts; collective bargaining; collective labor agreements and their enforcement; unfair labor practices by employers and by unions; the union member and the union; state labor relations legislation; the National Labor Relations Act and the Labor Management Relations Act. Not offered every year.

LAWW 5994 - Debtor-Creditor Relations (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code and of remedies of unsecured creditors.

LAWW 6013 - Alternative Dispute Resolution (Sp, Su, Fa) - Deals with the alternative to formal litigation for resolving various types of disputes. The alternatives considered include negotiation, mediation and conciliation, arbitration, "rent-a-judge," and other special procedures. Areas of application include contract and tort disputes, community problems, labor relations, and medical practice controversies. This course will satisfy the skills requirement.

LAWW 602V - Independent Legal Research (Sp, Su, Fa) - Independent legal research conducted under the supervision of faculty members. Ordinarily a student may not accumulate more than two semester hours of credit for Independent Legal Research. This cumulative maximum may be exceeded only by special permission of the dean, who in exceptional circumstances may approve a cumulative maximum credit of three semester hours of credit for Independent Legal Research.

LAWW 603V - Federal Jurisdiction (Sp, Su, Fa) – Topics covered usually include constitutional limits on the jurisdiction of federal courts and limitations imposed by Congress. The relations between state courts are studied along with problems in diversity and federal question jurisdiction. Removal procedure is covered, and, if time permits, attention is given to venue and related problems.

LAWW 6042 - Children & the Law Seminar (Irregular) – Topics covered include children as legal persons, including minors’ right to expression under the First Amendment and their participation in decision-making in legal contexts; children’s rights and school authority, including constitutional issues in school discipline and religious expression; foster care; termination of parental rights; and adoption.

LAWW 6063 - Advanced Evidence (Sp, Su, Fa) – Deals with the use of expert witnesses, forensic sciences and scientific evidence, organization of proof, burden of proof, presumptions, and the law of privileges.

LAWW 607V - Conflict of Laws (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of the legal principles involved in problems that have connections with two or more states requiring a choice of law, choice of law in federal courts, and jurisdiction in multi-state situations.

LAWW 6083 - Arkansas Civil Practice (Sp, Su, Fa) – A detailed examination of civil procedure in Arkansas trial and appellate courts, building on the basic course in civil procedure. Emphasis is placed on the Arkansas Rules of Civil Procedure; state statutes dealing with procedure, jurisdiction, and venue; and enforcements of judgments. Differences between Arkansas and federal civil practice are also explored.

LAWW 6093 - Basic Evidence (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of the rules of evidence under which trials are conducted; the methods by which items of evidence are admitted or excluded; and relevancy, real evidence, testimonial proof, and hearsay and its exceptions.

LAWW 6013 - Jurisprudence (Sp, Su, Fa) – Studies the ideas and methods of law, regardless of particular questions that might be resolved by the law.

LAWW 611V - Moot Court (Sp, Su, Fa)

LAWW 6133 - Antitrust Law (Irregular) – Federal antitrust laws and their relationship to concentrations of economic power in the contexts of monopoly mergers, price fixing, economic boycotts and discrimination, resale price maintenance, dealer franchises, and exclusive dealing. The class involves a comparative analysis of the free-enterprise market and government-regulated industries. Recommended for second- and third-year students interested in business practice or government service, as well as social welfare, or students with an interest in the subject.

LAWW 6143 - Oil & Gas (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of the law of oil and gas, with emphasis on the interests that may be created in oil and gas, the rights of the landowner, provisions in the oil and gas lease, the rights of assignees, and legislation dealing with production and conservation.

LAWW 614V - Board of Advocates Credit (Sp, Su, Fa) - Members of the Board of Advocates may receive ungraded academic credit, to be awarded in the spring semester of the member's third year in law school, upon completion of duties for the fall and spring semesters.

LAWW 6152 - Elder Law Seminar (Irregular) - In-depth treatment of selected problems of elderly persons in seminar format.

LAWW 616V - Law Review Credit (Sp, Su, Fa)

LAWW 6182 - Advanced Torts: Dignitary and Economic Harm (Irregular) – Course will cover defamation, the rights of privacy (including information privacy) and publicity, harm to family relationships, malicious prosecution, and interference with common law civil rights.

LAWW 618V - Journal of Food Law & Policy Credit (Sp) - Students receive credit for completion of duties on the Law School's publication of The Journal of Food Law & Policy.

LAWW 6192 - Workers’ Compensation (Irregular) – Study of state legislation that provides remedies for workers injured in the course of their employment. Not offered every year.

LAWW 6193 - Social Legislation (Sp, Su, Fa) - Examination of the various statutes (exclusive of the employment discrimination laws) governing the rights and responsibilities of employees and employers, including unemployment legislation, COBRA, EPPA, ERISA, FLSA, OSHA, USERRA, and WARN.

LAWW 6203 - Trial Advocacy (Sp, Su, Fa) - An introduction to actual trial work and trial techniques through simulated exercises and the conduct of a mock trial. This course will satisfy the skills requirement.

LAWW 6213 - Product Liability (Sp, Su, Fa) – An intensive study of the area including a review of the theories of liability; the concepts of product and defect; potential defendants; defenses; problems of proof and causation.

LAWW 6223 - Oil & Gas Regulation and Agreements (Irregular) - This course is intended as a companion or follow-up course to the basic Oil and Gas course, and Oil & Gas is a pre- or corequisite to this course. The casebook will be the same as the book used in the basic Oil and Gas course. The emphasis of Oil & Gas Regulation and Agreements is on Well Spacing Regulations, including the administrative rules governing the location and spacing of both vertical and horizontal wells, the creation of the Drilling Unit, including the role of the Joint Operating Agreement (JOA), and voluntary pooling and forced integration. Interaction between state regulation and the parties' obligations under provisions of an oil and gas lease including the effect of unitized production upon Oil and Gas lease terms such as entitlement to payment of the proceeds of production is also considered. The guiding approach to the class is to provide the student with familiarity and understanding of the law that is involved in the real-world drilling, completing, and selling production from oil and gas operations, including today's unconventional plays, such as the Fayetteville Shale Play in Central Arkansas. Prerequisite or corequisite: LAWW 6143 - Oil and Gas Law.

LAWW 6233 - Federal Income Tax of Individuals (Sp, Su, Fa) - Fundamentals of the federal income taxation of individuals. Topics covered include gross income, deductions, assignments of income, basis, taxation of property transactions, and tax accounting.

LAWW 6243 - Federal Estate and Gift Taxation - (Sp, Su, Fa) – Fundamentals of the federal estate and gift transfer tax system. Topics include the determination of gifts for tax purposes, amounts included in decedents’ gross estates, valuation, deductions, and credits.

LAWW 6253 - Federal Income Taxation of Business Entities (Sp, Su, Fa) – Focus on tax issues in business formation, operation, distributions, and liquidations. Prerequisite: LAWW 6233 - Federal Income Taxation of Individuals.

LAWW 6262 - Estate Planning - (Sp, Su, Fa) - Study of the role of lawyers (including ethical considerations) in fact gathering and analysis of data; testamentary and nonprobate transfers; planning for incapacity; Medicaid, income tax, and transfer tax considerations in small and large estates; gift techniques; planning for the surviving spouse; revocable and irrevocable trusts; life insurance; disposition of business interests; and post-mortem tax planning. Unless waived by the instructor, prerequisite for taking the course shall be the successful completion of either LAWW 5504 - Wills, Trusts, and Estates or LAWW 6243 - Federal Estate and Gift Taxation.

LAWW 629V - Advanced Corporations (Irregular) – Classical corporations law. Formation of corporations, duties and powers of corporate management, corporate control, shareholder rights, shares, dividends, derivative suites, fundamental changes, and dissolution.

LAWW 6303 - WTO, NAFTA, and EU Law (Irregular) – The problem of doing business abroad considered from the standpoint of the regulations of foreign trade and direct investment.

LAWW 632V - Poverty Law: Theory and Practice (Irregular) – History of anti-poverty programs, the constitutional requirements for such programs. Legal and administrative characteristics of major American income-maintenance programs. Topics include the structure of programs, discretion, the protection of clients, social-reform groups, and welfare reform. Prerequisite: LAWW 5114 - Constitutional Law.

LAWW 633V – Intellectual Property (Irregular) – This course involve an introductory survey of topics in intellectual property, including copyright, trademark, patent, and unfair competition issues. If time permits, the course may also cover certain aspects of e-commerce.

LAWW 6343 – Conflict Resolution (Irregular) - Explores methods utilized in the legal profession for resolving disputes. Students develop skills by participating in simulation exercises designed to identify and apply processes. Class readings/discussion on theory and practice will be followed by student simulations. Designed for second- and third-year law students.

LAWW 635V – Journal of Islamic Law and Culture Credit (Irregular)  - The Journal of Islamic Law and Culture is intended to encourage scholarship and dialogue that fosters a deeper understanding of the law and public policy of Islamic religion and culture, particularly as it intersects with Western law and society, including the legal and social communities in the U.S. The Journal is published semiannually by Routledge Press, in collaboration among the UA School of Law and the UA King Fahd Center for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies.

LAWW 6364 – Legal Clinic: Immigration (Irregular)  - Immigration Clinic will provide opportunities for students preparing for a career in immigration law or general practice by developing skills that are critical in legal practice through an experiential learning model. Working under the supervision of a clinical faculty member, students will represent sectors of the immigrant population for graded credit. Criminal Procedure and Professional Responsibility are prerequisites, as well as the completion of at least 48 credit hours prior to enrollment. Prerequisite: LAWW 4143 – Criminal Procedure and LAWW 5013 – Professional Responsibility.

LAWW 6373 – Legal Clinic (Federal Practice) (Sp, Su, Fa) – Students receive clinical legal experiences in federal courts and before federal administrative agencies. Although the particular experiences vary, Chapter 7 (no asset) bankruptcies and farm foreclosures are often emphasized.

LAWW 6383 – General Practice Clinic (Su) – Students will integrate, extend, and refine their legal knowledge and lawyering skills through representation of clients in civil cases pending before the Arkansas Circuit Courts, federal bankruptcy or administrative cases pending before the U.S. Bankruptcy Court and Administrative Law Judges, and prosecution of criminal misdemeanor cases. Students are responsible for all aspects of representation including interviewing, counseling, negotiation, pleading and discovery practice, and trial advocacy. This course offers students a practice experience similar to that experienced by many lawyers practicing in small to medium sized firms in Arkansas and other states in the region. Prerequisite: Unless waived by the instructor, a cumulative GPA of 2.00; successful completion of 48 semester hours of offerings, including LAWW 4103 – Civil Procedure I, LAWW 4203 – Civil Procedure II, LAWW 4173 – Criminal Procedure, LAWW 6093 – Basic Evidence, and LAWW 5013 – Professional Responsibility; and qualifying for Rule XV practice.

LAWW 6393 – Legal Clinic (Transactional) (Irregular) - Students receive clinical legal experience counseling and representing non-profit organizations serving Northwest Arkansas in a wide range of non-litigation business law matters. Services include reservation of name, application for tax identification number, incorporation, obtaining federal and state tax exemptions, change of business form, purchase and lease of real and personal property, employment and labor law issues, and general contract negotiation, drafting, and execution. In addition, students prepare and participate as presenters in a workshop on matters of general interest to non-profit organizations. Legal Clinic Faculty supervise and review the student attorney’s work, and provide personal feedback to the individual student attorneys. Prerequisite: Qualification for Rule XV practice.

LAWW 6403 - Land Use (Sp, Su, Fa) – Covers public land use controls, such as zoning; subdivision regulations; and eminent domain, including property rights, takings, and inverse condemnation. Heavy emphasis is placed on planning at state and local levels.

LAWW 6433 – Legal Clinic: Innocence Project (Irregular) – This clinic works in conjunction with the Innocence Project, Arkansas to provide pro bono representation to individuals committed to the Arkansas Department of Corrections where available evidence establishes proof of the client’s actual innocence. Students are responsible for all aspects of the representation including: case review, investigation, development of lay and expert testimony, pleading, briefing, discover, and assistance in court proceedings. The Innocence Project, Arkansas is an Arkansas non-profit corporation. Students must be Rule XV eligible and have taken LAWW 6203 - Trial Advocacy. The Innocence Project Clinic is a 3-credit course.

LAWW 6443 - Legal History (Sp, Su, Fa) – Investigation of English and American legal institutions and doctrines. The course emphasizes legal developments in colonial America and in the 19th century.

LAWW 6453 – American Legal History (Sp, Su, Fa) – An examination of major themes in American legal history, with an emphasis on the origins and meaning of the United States Constitution. Various topics will be explored in the light of the original understandings, developments over time, and current interpretations by the courts and the body politic.

LAWW 6473 – Legal Clinic (Criminal Prosecution) (Sp) – Students in this course will have the opportunity to extend and refine their lawyering skills, knowledge of substantive law, and mastery of criminal procedure through prosecution of misdemeanor crimes on behalf of the State in Municipal Court. Students are fully responsible for the cases assigned to them. Their responsibilities include assessing the charges and investigation of law enforcement, interviewing witnesses, conducting discovery, evaluating cases for an agreed upon resolution, negotiating with defense counsel and pro se defendants, responding to suppression and other defense motions, trial preparation, and trying cases in court. The preparation and performance of student attorneys is supervised by clinic faculty who provide personal feedback to the individual students. Prerequisite: Unless waived by the instructor, a cumulative GPA of 2.00; successful completion of 48 semester hours of offerings, including LAWW 4103 - Civil Procedure I, LAWW 4203 - Civil Procedure II, LAWW 4073 - Criminal Law, LAWW 4173 - Criminal Procedure, LAWW 6093 - Evidence, and LAWW 5013 - Professional Responsibility; and qualifying for Rule XV practice.

LAWW 648V – Special Topics (Skills) (Sp, Su, Fa) – Special Topics (Skills) is a course where “class names” allow for a menu of course titles that provide substantial instruction in professional skills related to the responsibilities which lawyers are called upon to meet such as trial and appellate advocacy, alternative methods of dispute resolution, counseling, interviewing, negotiating, problem solving, factual investigation, organization and management of legal work, drafting, and analytical processes for applying those skills in ethical fashion. Prerequisite: all first year courses.

LAWW 6513 - Immigration Law & Policy (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of  immigration and nationality, including issues with exclusion and deportation, political asylum and refugee status, visa allocation and distribution, labor certification, and naturalization and citizenship. It is recommended that LAWW 5163 - Administrative Law be taken first.

LAWW 6523 - Employment Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – An overview of the law governing various aspects of the employment relationship, both statutory and common law. Covers the establishment and parameters of employment, the security of the worker, employer’s rights, and terminations.

LAWW 654V – Public Service Externship (Sp, Su, Fa) – A public service externship is a pro bono position involving exposure to real world situations, involving some aspect of public service, where a lawyer’s expertise and insights will be called for and can be observed. Normally, placements in private law firms or for-profit corporations would not qualify. The usual expectation is that a public service externship should last an entire semester (15 weeks during the spring and fall, 12 weeks during the summer). For a two-credit externship, the average work load must be no less than 8 hours per week in the fall and spring, or 10 hours per week in the summer. For a three-credit externship, the average work load would be no less than 12 hours per week in the fall and spring, or 15 hours per week in the summer. Prerequisite: Faculty recommendation.

LAWW 6613 – Bankruptcy (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of insolvency law, with particular emphasis on federal bankruptcy law.

LAWW 6623 - Sentencing & Post-Conviction Remedies (Sp, Su, Fa) – Law, theory, and practice of sentencing and post-conviction remedies.

LAWW 6633 – Advanced Criminal Procedure (Sp) – This course focuses on prosecuting crime. Principal topics include: the prosecutor’s decision to charge, the role of the defense counsel, initial appearance, bail and pretrial release, grand juries and preliminary hearings, discovery, guilty pleas and plea bargaining, speedy trial, double jeopardy, trials and pretrial motions, sentencing and post-conviction remedies. Prerequisite: LAWW 4173 – Criminal Procedure.

LAWW 6713 - Judicial Externship (Sp, Su, Fa) – Judicial Externship is an elective externship for second- and third-year students. Externs shall report to and be under direct supervision of a judge of the federal district court, the bankruptcy court, or a circuit court approved by the externship coordinator. Externs’ duties may be determined by the supervising judge and may include work on assigned cases, research, preparation of memoranda, and consultation with full-time law clerks.

LAWW 6722 - Terrorism, National Security, & Human Rights (Irregular) – International law issues relating to protection of human rights. Research papers will satisfy upper-level writing requirement.

LAWW 6723 – Juvenile Justice Externship (Irregular) – Juvenile Justice Externship is an elective externship for third-year law students. Prerequisites for participating are: successful completion of LAWW the Criminal Defense Clinic or LAWW 6383 - the General Practice Clinic; certification under Rule XV of the Arkansas Rules Governing Admission to the Bar; and the advance approval of the instructor assigned to supervise the externship.

LAWW 6812 – Legislative Externship (Irregular) – Elective externships for third year students. Available only to a student who has successfully completed 48 hours of law credit and has earned a grade of C or higher in LAWW 5013 - Professional Responsibility. Students must disclose whether they have been subject of any prior honor code proceeding which resulted in imposition of any penalty. Extern shall report to and be supervised by either a chief of staff or deputy chief of staff. Duties shall be determined by the field supervisor. Duties may include observation of and assistance in day-to-day operations, special projects, work with federal or state agencies, communications with constituents and other duties as assigned. Prerequisite: 48 hours law credit and grade of C or higher in LAWW 5013 - Professional Responsibility.

LAWW 6814 – Corporate Counsel Externship (Irregular) – Externs work with a supervising attorney in a corporate counsel’s office. In Fall and Spring semesters each extern works 16 hours per week (average minimum), and in Summer the extern works at least 20 hours per week during the 12 week term; keeps a journal, and meets at least 3 times with the faculty supervisor. Prerequisite: LAWW 4294 – Business Organizations, LAWW 5013 – Professional Responsibility, and approval of the faculty supervisor; Recommended: LAWW 6293.

LAWW 6822 - Patent Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of the patent system of the United States, including conditions for a valid patent, procedures of the patent office, and litigation relating to patents. Not offered every year.

LAWW 6903 – ADR in the Workplace (Irregular) – Explores the practical as well as the legal problems presented by the use of alternative dispute resolution to resolve employment disputes. The primary focus will be on the enforcement of collective bargaining agreements and individual employment contracts through arbitration, and the use of arbitration to resolve statutory issues such as claims of employment discrimination. There also will be some consideration of other forms of ADR such as mediation, fact-finding, and peer-review systems. Course satisfies the skills requirement.

LAWW 6913 - Environmental Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Devoted primarily to legal problems related to the environment. Included is consideration of environmental impact in public and private decision-making.

LAWW 6923 – Legal Clinic (Civil Practice) (Sp, Su, Fa) – Students develop skills by working with actual clients in nearby civil courts. Students interview clients, counsel them, negotiate and litigate. The Legal Clinic faculty supervise and review the students’ work, and provide personal feedback to individual students. Prerequisite: Cum GPA of 2.00, successful completion of 48 semester hours, including LAWW 4103 and 4203 - Civil Procedure I and II, LAWW 4173 - Criminal Procedure, LAWW 6093 - Evidence, and LAWW 5013 - Professional Responsibility, and qualifying for Rule XV practice.

LAWW 6943 - Public International Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Principles of international law involving relations among governments. The function of international tribunals and organizations.

LAWW 6973 – Advanced Clinic (Irregular) – Advanced Clinic is designed to allow students to gain more in depth experience in either the Civil, Transactional or General Practice Clinic. Students who have successfully completed the Civil or Transactional Clinic may elect to take the Advanced Clinic for an additional 3 credits during a subsequent semester. Students enrolled in the General Practice Clinic may elect to take the course for an additional 3 credits during the same summer session in which they are enrolled. Students may take only one Advanced Clinic.

LAWW 7012 - Juvenile Justice Seminar (Sp, Su, Fa) – Examines procedural and substantive law in the context of the distinctive goals, structure, and procedure of juvenile court. Special attention is given to alternative ways of dealing with two categories of juveniles, i.e., status offenders who are within the jurisdiction of the court although not accused of criminal conduct, and youthful offenders who commit serious crimes.

LAWW 7053 – Externship: Federal Public Defender (Irregular) – Externship is an elective externship for third-year law students for three hours of ungraded credit. Duties shall be determined by supervising attorney and may include work on assigned cases, appearances, preparation of research memoranda, preparation of trial motions, consultation with other employees of the Office of the Federal Public Defender and other projects as assigned. Each extern works an average of 12 hours minimum per week during the fall or spring semesters or 15 hours per week during the summer semester, keeps a journal and meets at least 3 times with the faculty supervisor.

LAWW 706V - Sports Law (Irregular) – The major topics covered include significant contract issues, tort liability involving participants, institutions, physicians, and equipment manufacturers, criminal liability, drug testing, constitutional and related issues dealing with sports associations and Title 9 and gender equity issues. Other relevant topics may also be covered if possible.

LAWW 7072 – Advanced Mediation Clinic (Irregular) – Students will co-mediate civil cases referred by Courts and agencies. Students will work with experienced mediators and the mediation clinic supervisor, who will review their performances on an individual basis. Students may produce education programs for various groups. Class discussions will focus on current mediation issues and problems. Pre-requisite: LAWW 7073 - Mediation in Practice.

LAWW 7073 – Mediation in Practice (Irregular) – This three-credit course will train students to mediate disputes assigned to the Northwest Arkansas Dependency-Neglect/Families In Need of Services Mediation Project by the juvenile court. In the first five weeks of the semester, students will be introduced to basic mediation theory, procedures, and ethical constraints; communication techniques; juvenile law; and operation of the child welfare system in Arkansas. This training will include lectures, discussion, and simulation exercises. In the remaining weeks of the semester, students will receive additional information and simulation practice, and they will also observe and participate in the mediation of actual cases assigned to the Project.

LAWW 7243 - Health Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – An examination of the role of the law in determining access to and regulation of the quality of services provided by the health care industry.

LAWW 7342 - Law and the Internet (Irregular) – This is a survey course. Students will study laws associated with doing business over the internet. A partial list of topics to be covered is: jurisdiction, trademarks, copyrights, patents, contracting, taxation, privacy, obscenity, defamation, and criminal law. The course is highly interactive. In addition to lectures, students will participate in case discussions and presentations.

LAWW 760V - Bankruptcy - Business Reorganizations (Irregular) – Examines the rules and tactics governing the reorganization of a struggling business or farm under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code. Students will reorganize a hypothetical failing business as part of the course.

LAWW 7612 - Advanced Consumer Bankruptcy (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of recent developments in the law of bankruptcy as it applies to consumers and consumer transactions. Prerequisite: LAWW 6602: .

LAWW 7662 – American Indian Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of the domestic federal law of the United States as it applies to Native Americans and their tribes. The general concept of tribal self-determination is the unifying theme of the course. Particular topics include tribal sovereignty and government; American Indian civil rights; administration of justice on and off the reservation; American Indian land claims; land, hunting, and fishing rights; water rights; American Indian health, education, and welfare; Bureau of Indian Affairs; state taxation; individual and tribal treaty rights; federal Indian policy; and zoning and environmental controls.

LAWW 770V – Master’s Thesis in Agricultural and Food Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Research in a specialized area of agricultural and food law and development of a scholarly paper containing the results of this research.

LAWW 771V – Independent Research in Agricultural and Food Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Independent research in agricultural and food law conducted under the supervision of a faculty member.

LAWW 7753 – Agriculture and the Environment (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of the application of environmental law to agricultural operations. Topics include soil erosion, takings, pesticide law, the Clean Water Act, the Clear Air Act, common law nuisance, drainage, wildlife, and endangered species.

LAWW 7763 – Agricultural Finance and Credit (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of the legal issues surrounding the financing of agricultural operations, including credit availability, agricultural security issues under the Uniform Commercial Code, and debt restructuring opportunities. Special focus is on lending options offered by the Farm Service Agency and the Farm Credit System.

LAWW 7773 - Water Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of real property principles governing ownership rights in water and the federal and state statutes controlling the use of water.

LAWW 7782 – Agricultural Labor Law (Sp, Su, Fa) – Study of the federal laws that govern the employment of agricultural workers, including wage and hour provisions, laws impacting migrant and seasonal farm workers, immigration issues, occupational safety and health, and child labor laws.

LAWW 7802 – Comparative Law Seminar (Sp, Su, Fa) – A study of the selected foreign legal systems with a focus on the basic differences between those legal institutions and the Anglo-American common law system.

LAWW 7862 - Food Law (Irregular) – An examination of the network of laws that govern food safety and food labeling and a discussion of the efficacy of this network – is it working properly and are consumers well served by it? The course materials will be based on statutory and regulatory law, judicial decisions, and a series of policy readings. Current issues in the news, e.g., mad cow disease, the spinach e-coli outbreak, and the organic standards will be considered in our discussion.

LAWW 791V – Government Regulation of Agriculture (Sp, Su, Fa)

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