NOTICE - This edition of the Catalog of Studies is provided as a courtesy to students who may be attending classes under these degree requirements. If you are a prospective student, or are attending class under a different set of degree requirements, please visit

http://catalogofstudies.uark.edu/

to find your class year catalog.

Catalog Cover Art 2001-2002 Catalog of Studies
U of A Logo
AdmissionsRegistrarStudent AffairsRegistration HelpFinancial AidHousing

 

Biology (BIOL)

Requirements for a B.S. Degree with a Major in Biology: A minimum of 124 hours is required, including 40 hours in the major as specified below.

1. BIOL 1543/1541L or equivalent. Majors may take additional 1000-level courses (BIOL, BOTY, and/or ZOOL), BUT may apply a maximum of eight 1000-level credits toward the major. Students who are exempt from Principles of Biology but have not received credit via advanced placement or CLEP must take an additional 4 hours of credit in elective courses related to their major.

2. Bibliographic Practicum, BIOL 2001

3. Biology CORE: BIOL 2533, BIOL 3023, BIOL 3323, BIOL 3863 and a minimum of 1 hour of laboratory selected from BIOL 2531L, BIOL 3321L or BIOL 3861L

4. An additional 22 credits, including at least two laboratory courses at the 3000-4000 level, consisting of

a. General Microbiology, MBIO 2013/2011L

b. Organismal plant biology, at least one course from BOTY 2404 or BOTY 4104

c. Organismal evolutionary animal biology, at least one course from ZOOL 2404, ZOOL 2814, ZOOL 4554, or ZOOL 4623

d. Physiology, at least one course from BOTY 4304, ZOOL 2213/2211L, BIOL 4234, BIOL 4263, or MBIO 4303

e. 6 - 8 hours of biology electives to be selected from courses in Fulbright College and/or the Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Scienc- es with the approval of the adviser.

The Fulbright College writing requirement must be met from a course in the biology electives, BIOL 498V Senior Thesis, or by an honors thesis.

Requirements in cognate science and mathematics include the following:

1. CHEM 1103/1101L (may be completed by advanced placement), CHEM 1123/1121L, CHEM 3603/3601L, CHEM 3613/3611L, CHEM 3813

2. PHYS 2013/2011L, PHYS 2033/2031L or PHYS 2054, PHYS 2074

3. MATH 2554 (MATH 2564 is recommended)

4. STAT 2023 or STAT 4003/4001L or equivalent

For information on advanced degrees in biology, see the Graduate School Catalog.

Requirements for a B.A. degree with a major in biology: A minimum of 124 hours is required, including:

1. BIOL 1543/1541L. Majors may take additional 1000-level courses (BIOL, BOTY, and/or ZOOL), BUT may apply a maximum of eight 1000-level credits toward the major.

2. An additional 24 hours of biological sciences, including the following:

a. One course from four of the following six areas of specialization, and at least one course from each of the three general areas of biology (BOTY, MBIO and ZOOL)

I. Microorganism Biology: BIOL 2533/2531L [lab optional] or MBIO 2013/2011L

II. Genetics: BIOL 3323/3321L or MBIO 4233

III. Morphology: BOTY 2404, BOTY 4104, BOTY 4424, MBIO 3023, ZOOL 2404 or ZOOL 2814

IV. Physiology: BOTY 4304, MBIO 4303 or ZOOL 2213/2211L

V. Evolution: BIOL 3023

VI. Ecology: BIOL 3864

b. Bibliographic Practicum (BIOL 2001)

c. Remaining 8-10 credit hours of biology electives above the 3000 level

3. Requirements in cognate science andmathematics include the following:

a. CHEM 1103/1101L, CHEM 1123/1121L, and either CHEM 3613/3611L3610D or CHEM 3603/3601L, CHEM 3613/3611L

b. PHYS 2013/2011L, PHYS 2033/2031L

c. MATH 2043 or MATH 2554

Requirements for departmental honors in biology: The biological sciences honors program is designed to provide students an opportunity to investigate questions in biology through an expanded reading program and research experience. Biological science majors may apply to enter the program between the second semester of the sophomore year and the end of the junior year. Application is made through both Honors Studies (OM 517) and the department of biological sciences (WAAX 11). Applicants must have a 3.25 grade-point average. Students should consult with their adviser to identify and contact a potential faculty research mentor. The student's research activities will then be directed by the departmental faculty member who agrees to sponsor the student.

Students may enroll for up to four hours of credit in BIOL 399VH during the junior year and up to eight hours of credit in BIOL 499V during the senior year. A maximum of six of these credits may be applied toward a major. Participants must complete and defend an honors thesis and take 12 hours in Honors Studies, which may include six hours of thesis. The honors thesis is based on an original re-search project and presented orally before a committee composed of two faculty from the biological sciences, a person from outside the biological sciences, and a representative from the Honors Council. This committee makes a recommendation concerning the award of the honors distinction to the Honors Council. Students who successfully complete the departmental honors program usually graduate as "Departmental Scholar Cum Laude." Higher degree distinctions are recommended only in exceptional cases and are based upon the candidate's entire involvement in the honors program. Completion of an honors thesis fulfills the writing requirement in biological sciences, which precludes credit for BIOL 498V (Senior Thesis) for the same body of work.

Writing Requirement: The college writing requirement for majors in biology, botany, microbiology, or zoology may be met by one of the following:

1. Completion of an honors thesis,

2. Completion of a senior thesis (BIOL 498V) supervised by a faculty member in biological sciences,

3. Completion of a required term paper with a grade of B or above in a course numbered above 3000 on a topic approved by the instructor, or

4. Completion of a paper, supervised by a faculty member, in Special Problems (BIOL 480V, BOTY 480V, MBIO 480V, or ZOOL 480V).

Requirements for a minor in biology: Students must take BIOL 1543/1541L, or equivalent, and one course from five of the six areas of specialization outlined in the requirements for a B.A. degree in biology. Students must notify the departmental chair of their intent to minor in biology.

Biology (B.S.) Teacher Certification Requirements:

1. Complete a minimum of 24 hours in primary field.

2. Complete Pre-Education (ASED) minor.

3. Concepts, and PEAC 1621, Fitness Concepts, OR HLSC 1103, Personal Health and Safety, COMM 1313, Fundamentals of Communication, and four (4) hours of zoology

4. Earn a "C" or better in ENGL 1013, ENGL 1023, ENGL 2003 (or ENGL 2013, or exemption by grades or test), COMM 1313, and MATH 1203 (or any higher mathematics course).

5. Students wanting to teach science in middle school must major in biology or earth science and complete PSYC 3093, Childhood and Adolescence. In addition to the B.S. and B.A. degrees in biology, the department of biological sciences further offers a B.S. degree in three areas of specialization: botany, microbiology, and zoology. Details of the other programs follow.

BIOLOGY (BIOL)

BIOL1543 Principles of Biology (FA, SP, SU) Principles that unify biology with emphasis on scientific study that demonstrates how all organisms are the product of evolution and are parts of interacting systems from the molecular to the ecosystem level. Corequisite: BIOL 1541L. UNIVERSITY CORE COURSE

BIOL1543H Honors Principles of Biology (FA, SP) This course is designed for the well prepared student in Honors program. It focuses on the principles that unify the science of biology. Students will be exposed to how scientific principles have been used to demonstrate that all organisms are the products of evolution and are parts of interacting systems from the molecular to the ecosystem level. Corequisite: BIOL 1541M or BIOL 1541L. UNIVERSITY CORE COURSE

BIOL1541L Principles of Biology Laboratory (FA, SP, SU) Experimental and observational techniques used in biology with emphasis on the acquisition and interpretation of results that illustrate major biological principles. Corequisite: BIOL 1543. UNIVERSITY CORE COURSE

BIOL1541M Honors Principles of Biology Laboratory (FA, SP) This course is designed for the well prepared student in the Honors program. It focuses on teaching students experimental and observational techniques used in the science of biology. It emphasizes the acquisition and interpretation of results that illustrate the major principles of biology. Corequisite: BIOL 1543H or BIOL 1543. UNIVERSITY CORE COURSE

BIOL2001 Bibliographic Practicum (FA, SP) A systematic survey of biological literature and bibliographic resources. Includes library exercises and the compiling of selected bibliographies.

BIOL2533 Cell Biology (FA, SP) (Formerly BIOL 2534) Introduction to cell structure, cell processes, biological polymers, energetics, and diversity. An introduction to biochemistry and cell chemistry. Pre- or Corequisite: (CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L) or (CHEM 1223 and CHEM 1221L) or equivalent. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

BIOL2531L Cell Biology Laboratory (FA, SP) (Formerly BIOL 2530L) Introduction to methods and techniques used in Cell Biology research. Laboratory experiences to highlight topics covered in BIOL 2533. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 2533

BIOL3023 Evolutionary Biology (FA) An introduction to the mechanisms and patterns of evolutionary change. Seeks to develop logical, scientific skills and to apply them in understanding how life has Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L.

BIOL3323 General Genetics (SP) Surveys of Mendelian, molecular, and population mechanisms of inheritance and gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Lecture 3 hours per week. Corequisite: BIOL 3321L. Prerequisite: BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L and CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L and (MATH 1203 or STAT 2023 or equivalent).

BIOL3321L General Genetics Laboratory (SP) Analysis of genetic problems and experiments with emphasis on "hands-on" experience with a variety of organisms. May require time outside laboratory period. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: BIOL 3323.

BIOL3863 General Ecology (FA, SP) Ecological principles and concepts; environmental factors and interactions that determine distribution and abundance of organisms. Prerequisite: 7 hours of biological science.

BIOL3861L General Ecology Laboratory (FA) Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 3863.

BIOL3923H Honors Colloquium (IR) Covers a special topic or issue, offered as part of the honors program. May be repeated. Prerequisite: honors candidacy (not restricted to candidacy in biological sciences).

BIOL399VH Honors Course (1-4) (FA, SP) May be repeated. Prerequisite: junior standing.

BIOL4234 Comparative Physiology (FA) Comparison of fundamental physiological mechanisms in various animal groups. Adaptations to environmental factors at both the organismal and cellular levels are emphasized. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours per week. Corequisite: BIOL 4230L. Prerequisite: (8 hours in biology or zoology) and CHEM 3613 and CHEM 3611L

BIOL4230L Comparative Physiology Laboratory (FA) Corequisite: BIOL 4234.

BIOL4263 Cell Physiology (SP) Covers cellular processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signaling and motility, with emphasis on function and regulation in eukaryotes, primarily animals. Lecture 3 hours. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2531L and CHEM 3813 and PHYS 2033.

BIOL4261L Cell Physiology Laboratory (SP) Laboratory demonstrations of cell processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signaling and motility. Laboratory 3 hours. Corequisite: BIOL 4263.

BIOL4353 Ecological Genetics (FA, Odd years) Analysis of the genetics of natural and laboratory populations with emphasis on the ecological bases of evolutionary change. Prerequisite: BIOL 3323 and BIOL 3321L and MATH 2554 and STAT 2023 or equivalent.

BIOL4433 Principles of Evolution (FA, Even years) Advanced survey of the mechanisms of evolutionary change with special emphasis on advances since the Modern Synthesis. Historical, theoretical, and population genetics approaches are discussed. Recommended BIOL 3023 and BIOL 3321L and BIOL 3861L. Prerequisite: BIOL 3323 and BIOL 3863.

BIOL4463 Physiological Ecology of Animals (SP, Odd years) Interactions between environment, physiology, and properties of individuals and populations on both evolutionary and ecological scales. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863 and ZOOL 4234 and ZOOL 4230L.

BIOL4503 Ecosystem Ecology (SP, Odd years) Factors controlling ecosystem structure and function. Topics include paleoclimate and species migrations, current species alliances, biogeochemical cycles, and climate change and ecosystem stability. Prerequisite: BIOL 3864 and CHEM 1123 and CHEM 1121L.

BIOL4513 Population Ecology (SP, Odd years) (Formerly BIOL 4514) Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of population processes stressing models of growth, interspecific interactions, and adaptation to physical and biotic environments. Prerequisite: BIOL 3864.

BIOL4511L Population Ecology Laboratory (SP, Odd years) (Formerly BIOL 4510L) Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 4513.

BIOL4523 Physiological Ecology of Plants (SP, Even years) Effects of environmental factors on plant growth. Studies of light, temperature, soil, and soil moisture relationships will be emphasized. Prerequisite: BIOL 3864.

BIOL4613 Primate Adaptation and Evolution (FA, SP, SU) Introduction to the biology of the order Primates. This course considers the comparative anatomy, behavioral ecology and paleontology of our nearest living relatives. (Same as ANTH 4613) Prerequisite: (BIOL 1543 and BIOL 1541L) or ANTH 1013.

BIOL4724 Protistology (FA, Odd years) The biology of eukaryotes other than Animals, Land Plants, and Fungi with emphasis on morphology and modern approaches to phylogenetic systematics. Three hours lecture, four hours lab/week. Involves writing term papers. Corequisite: BIOL 4720L.

BIOL4720L Protistology Laboratory (FA, Odd years) Corequisite: BIOL 4724.

BIOL480V Special Problems (1-6) (FA, SP, SU) For advanced students with adequate preparation. May be repeated.

BIOL4824 Community Ecology (SP, Even years) Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of community processes stressing structure, tropic dynamics, community interactions, and major community types. Corequisite: BIOL 4820L. Prerequisite: BIOL 3864.

BIOL4820L Community Ecology Laboratory (SP, Even years) Corequisite: BIOL 4824.

BIOL485V Field Ecology (1-3) (SP, SU) Project oriented approach employing current field and laboratory techniques, experimental design, and data analysis. Field trip is required.

BIOL498V Senior Thesis (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL499V prerequisite: senior standing. (1-4) (FA, SP, SU) May be repeated for 8 hours. Prerequisite: senior standing.

BIOL5001 Seminar in Biology (FA, SP) Discussion of selected topics and review of current literature in any area of the biological sciences. May be repeated for 2 hours.

BIOL5101 Bibliographic Practicum (FA) Systematic survey of biological resources available on CD-ROM, through electronic library on-line services, and on the Internet and World Wide Web. Prerequisite: senior or graduate standing.

BIOL5263 Cell Physiology (SP) Covers cellular processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signaling and motility, with emphasis on function and regulation in eukaryotes, primarily animals. Lecture 3 hours. Prerequisite: BIOL 2533 and BIOL 2531L and CHEM 3813 and PHYS 2033.

BIOL5261L Cell Physiology Laboratory (SP) Laboratory demonstrations of cell processes involved in growth, metabolism, transport, excitation, signaling and motility. Laboratory 3 hours. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 5263.

BIOL529V Research in Physiology (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL5334 Biochemical Genetics (SP) Lectures and laboratories based on modern molecular genetic techniques for analyses of eukaryotes and manipulation of prokaryotes. A hands-on course in recombinant DNA techniques: laboratory practices in gene identification, cloning, and characterization. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 6 hours per week. Corequisite: BIOL 5330L. Prerequisite: BIOL 3323 (or equivalent) and CHEM 3813 (or equivalent).

BIOL5330L Biochemical Genetics Laboratory (SP) Corequisite: BIOL 5334.

BIOL5353 Ecological Genetics (FA, Odd years) Analysis of the genetics of natural and laboratory populations with emphasis on the ecological bases of evolutional change. Prerequisite: BIOL 3323 and BIOL 3321L and MATH 2554 and STAT 2023 or equivalent.

BIOL539V Research in Genetics (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL5433 Principles of Evolution (FA, Even years) Advanced survey of the mechanisms of evolutionary change with special emphasis on advances since the Modern Synthesis. Historical, theoretical, and population genetics approaches are discussed. Recommended: BIOL 3023 and BIOL 3321L and BIOL 3861L. Prerequisite: BIOL 3323 and BIOL 3863.

BIOL5463 Physiological Ecology of Animals (SP, Odd years) Interactions between environment, physiology, and properties of individuals and populations on both evolutionary and ecological scales. Prerequisite: BIOL 3863 and BIOL 4234 and BIOL 4230L.

BIOL5503 Ecosystem Ecology (SP, Odd years) Factors controlling ecosystem structure and function. Topics include paleoclimate and species migrations, current species alliances, biogeochemical cycles, and climate change and ecosystem stability. Prerequisite: BIOL 3864.

BIOL5513 Population Ecology (SP) (Formerly BIOL 5514) Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of populations processes stressing models of growth, interspecific interactions, and adaptation to physical and biotic environments. Corequisite: BIOL 5511L. Prerequisite: BIOL 3864.

BIOL5511L Population Ecology Laboratory (SP) (Formerly BIOL 5510L) Demonstration of the models and concepts from BIOL 5513. Pre- or Corequisite: BIOL 5513.

BIOL5523 Physiological Ecology (SP, Even years) Effects of environmental factors on plant growth. Studies of light, temperature, soil, and soil moisture relationships will be emphasized. Prerequisite: BIOL 3864.

BIOL558V Research in Cell Biology (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL559V Research in Embryology (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL569V Research in Invertebrate Zoology (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL579V Research in Vertebrate Zoology (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL580V Research in Botany (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL581V Research in Microbiology (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL5844 Community Ecology (SP, Even years) Survey of theoretical and applied aspects of community processes stressing structure, trophic dynamics, community interactions, and major community types. Corequisite: BIOL 5840L. Prerequisite: BIOL 3864.

BIOL5840L Community Ecology Laboratory (SP, Even years) Corequisite: BIOL 5844.

BIOL585V Field Ecology (1-3) (SP, SU) Project-oriented approach employing current field and laboratory techniques,
experimental design and data analysis. Field trip is required. May be repeated.

BIOL589V Research in Field Zoology (1-6) (FA, SP, SU)

BIOL590V Special Topics in Botany (1-6) (FA, SP) Consideration of new areas of botanical science not yet treated adequately in textbooks or in other courses. May be repeated for 6 hours. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biological sciences.

BIOL591V Special Topics in Microbiology (1-6) (FA, SP) Consideration of new areas of microbiological science not yet treated adequately in textbooks or in other sciences. May be repeated. Prerequisite: 8 hours of biological sciences.

BIOL600V Master's Thesis (1-6) (FA, SP, SU) Prerequisite: graduate standing.

BIOL700V Doctoral Dissertation (1-12) (FA, SP, SU) Prerequisite: graduate standing.


[Jump back to the top of this page][Go back to the 01-02 Catalog Home]

Office of University Relations
800 Hotz Hall - Fayetteville, AR 72701
479-575-5555 - FAX 479-575-4745
urelinfo@cavern.uark.edu